The Fukushima Daiichi catastrophe highlighted the urgent need to ensure that the world’s nuclear infrastructure systems are resilient: that is, that they can remain fully operational, or recover rapidly and safely, following a natural disaster. The CaNRisk-CREATE program focuses on quantifying and enhancing the resilience of nuclear power plants following an interdisciplinary system-level approach. The CaNRisk-CREATE program also focuses on minimizing the environmental risk of spent nuclear fuel to be permanently stored within the planned Canadian Deep Geologic Repository.


A nuclear power plant can be considered as a network made up of a series of sophisticated linked systems. This complexity requires a comparable understanding of the interdependence between these systems. Without such understanding, failure of one system under an extreme event can lead to cascading catastrophic failures of the entire network. The CaNRisk-CREATE is focused on developing the necessary breadth and depth of expertise to tackle Canada’s nuclear infrastructure interdependency grand challenges.

Systemic Risk

Systemic risk quantification considers the direct and indirect consequence of interaction between cascading hazards and interdependent systems. CaNRisk-CREATE is focused on integrating and mobilizing knowledge from different disciplines to quantify such systemic risk within a nuclear infrastructure environment. This unique approach provides the CaNRisk-CREATE trainees with niche expertise that will be in demand, not only within the nuclear industry but also within the entire global energy sector.